Global Causes

Two main causes of death in young children under five are diarrhea and pneumonia, often termed the “forgotten killers” because they receive relatively little attention compared to diseases such as HIV/AIDS and malaria. In addition, under-nutrition is now implicated in up to one third of all child deaths, making children more susceptible to disease, and weakening their ability to fight diseases already acquired.1

Footnotes

1 Black, R. et. al., “Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences” The Lancet, Volume 371, Issue 9608, Pages 243 - 260, 19 January 2008. http://www.thelancet.com/series/maternal-and-child-undernutrition